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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr James Malcolm" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 23 Jul 2021 20:35:53 +0200


I am James Malcolm, a member of the Audit and Remittance Committee of ExxonMobil Corporation (UK).

I need a silent foreign partner in the United States who I can trust to re-profile an outstanding fund and transfer for lucrative investment and charity work.

I will give you details of the deal as you respond promptly to this proposal. The funds shall be moved to your account from our operating bank, where it is currently deposited after proper documentations in your name as the beneficiary of the fund.

The fund is valued at Thirty Million U.S Dollars and you will not be obliged to be responsible for the expenses in this transaction as I and my committee have made adequate arrangement for a credible and reliable US Investor to provide us with all the funding / finance we need to settle all expenses and cost associated with the release of the funds to your nominated account. E MAIL


James Malcolm

Anti-fraud resources: