fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: INVESTOR RELATION OFFICER <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 22 Jul 2021 23:34:11 -0700
Subject: RE-CONFIRMATION OF YOUR PAYMENT FROM CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA.
RE-CONFIRMATION OF YOUR PAYMENT FROM CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA.
WE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK, HEREBY ON BEHALF OF OUR ORDERING CUSTOMER,
CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA (CBN) CONFIRMS DRAFT NUMBER; 256700 WITH VALUED OF
US$5.5 MILLION THROUGH MONEYBOOKERS ACCOUNT IN FAVOUR OF Beneficiary
ISSUED ON 23TH July 2021 FOR THE PURPOSE OF YOUR OVER-DUE CONTRACT PAYMENT.
BE IT KNOWN THAT THE AFFOREMENTION DRAFT IS TRANSMISSION PHOTO-COPY HAS
CASH BACKED POTENTIAL. THE DRAFT IS GENUINELY ISSUED AND SHOULD BE HONOURED
AND IMMEDIATELY CLEARED UPON PRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL HARD COPY AND
ALSO LIABLE TO BANK FOR BANK TRANSFER BALANCE.
WE UNION BANK OF CALIFORNIA WITH FULL BANK RESPONSIBILITY ADD OUR
CONFIRMATION XXXXXXXXXXXXXX 'TRANSMISSION CODE 001 DATA-PRO INC. PAYMENT
THIS MESSAGE MAY CONTAIN INFORMATION THAT IS PREVILEGED, CONFIDENTIAL AND
EXEMPT FROM DISCLOSURE UNDER LAW.
IF YOU ARE NOT THE INTENDED RECIPIENT NAMED IN THE PAY DRAFT, ANY
DISSEMINATION, DISTRIBUTION COPYING, OR USE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS STRICTLY
PLEASE, CONTACT OUR ORDERING CUSTOMER, CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA (CBN) FUND
RELEASE DEPARTMENT DIRECTOR; +234-9065019171,
FOR COLLECTION OF THE ORIGINAL HARD-COPY OF YOUR DRAFT AND THEIR
TRANSMISSION CODE SO THAT THEY CAN DELIVER THE DRAFT AND ENABLE US TO
CONVERT IT AND CREDIT YOUR ACCOUNT WITHOUT DELAY
NOTE THAT NONE OF THIS INFORMATION SHOULD BE RELENTING TO ANY BODY UNTIL
THIS FUND IS CREDITED INTO YOUR BANK ACCOUNT.
(INVESTOR RELATION OFFICER.)
EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK.