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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Gil William" <>
Date: Fri, 16 Jul 2021 00:47:37 -0700
Subject: Attention


My name is Gil Williams, an Attorney / International Relations Consultant,I want to know if you will support my client to invest in your country and get rewarded financially without leaving or affecting your present job. I represent Mrs. Kim Kyong-hui, wife of Jang Song-thaek, Jang Song-thaek was Kim Jong-un's uncle and the Vice Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea until his execution in 2013.

Mrs. Kim Kyong-hui thaek hereafter shall be referred to as my client and it is on her instruction that I am doing all that I am doing now. She is looking for a foreign individual or a corporation that can profitably invest US$150 Million for her outside Hong Kong.

Mrs. Kim Kyong-hui is willing to reward you with 10% for your partnership role when the fund is successfully transferred into your account. Write back for more information.


Gil Williams

Anti-fraud resources: