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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Roseline Edward <>
Date: Thu, 22 Jul 2021 09:30:06 +0100
Subject: Forgive me if this message violates your privacy


Forgive me if this message violates your privacy. With my whole heart,
I implore you to pay attention and understand my reasons of contacting
you after being instructed to find a nice, trust worthy and a reliable
friend. I was motivated when I saw your email address when browsing. I
am here to seek your advice of which I know will help me to overcome
my situations here. Please, may it please you to e-mail me back So
that I will explain more about myself. Please Write me on my email
address (
Ms. Rose.

Anti-fraud resources: