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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Frederick Johannes Muller<>
Date: 21 Jul 2021 18:25:11 -0700

Dear Sir,


With regards to previous email on inquiry on the above subject

Refer to attached for INQUIRY and CATALOGS and get back to me
quoting your best price for full pallet and
terms of payment if its (T/T or LC) and revert back to us.

Your response is highly needed as we require order and immediate
shipment before 2nd week of AUGUST.


Frederick Johannes Muller

Logistics Coordinator

P.O. Box 63142, Doha, QATAR | T: + 974 44984198 | F: +974 44427065

INC Qatar

Regional Office Kuwait | T: + 965 22443133 | F: +965 22443130

Anti-fraud resources: