fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Ms Monica Dim Deng <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 21 Jul 2021 19:54:23 +0100
Subject: Re: Dear friend, I will appreciate your response.
Good day, my name is Miss Monica Dim Deng I'm 22years old originated
from Sudan but currently staying in Burkina Faso. Iâm very sorry for
disturbing you . My father Dr. Dominic Dim Deng was the former
minister of (SPLA) affaire and special adviser to President SALVA KIIR
of South Sudan.
My father Dr. Dominic Dim Deng and my mother including other top
military officers and also top government officials had been on board
when the plane crashed on Friday May 02, 2008, you can read more about
the crash through the below website:
listing to what happened After the burial of my father, my uncle
conspired and sold my father's properties and left nothing for me, on
a faithful morning I opened my lat father's room which I saw a
briefcase and I opened it there I found documents in which indicated
that my lat father deposited amount of money in one of the bank in
Burkina Faso in my name as his next of kin. I traveled to Burkina Faso
to withdraw the money so that I can start a better life and take care
On my arrival, the branch manager of the bank whom I met in person
told me that what my father's instruction to the bank was that the
money should release to me only when I am married or if I present a
trustee who will help me and invest the money overseas. Iâm contacting
you because I believe that you will not betray my trust on you, though
you may wonder why I revealed myself to you without knowing you well,
I am convince that you are the real person to help me out
I will disclose much to you ones you confirm to me that you will help
me to relocate to your country because my wicked uncle has threatened
to assassinate me. The amount involved is $10.4 Million Dollars with
some kilos of Gold and I have confirmed from the bank in Burkina Faso
where the Gold was deposited. You will also help me to place the money
in a more profitable business venture in your country.
However you will help me by recommending a nice university in your
country so that I will complete my education, I will compensate you
with 30% from the total money for your noble assistance and the
balance shall be my capital for establishment after my school. As soon
as I receive your reply, then I will summit a letter to the bank
immediately and introduce your name as my trustee.
Please treat this proposal as urgent and contact me with your
1. Name In full:...................
6. Occupation: ....................
7. Marital Status:..................
Miss Monica Dim Deng.