fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "to your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 14 Jul 2021 18:51:06 +0100
Subject: STOP ORDER FROM THE PRESIDENCY:
Att: Beneficiary/Contractor/ Inheritance
STOP ORDER FROM THE PRESIDENCY:
This is to bring to your notice about the due process of your outstanding
contractual payment which was suspended by the Central Bank of Nigeria
there by stopping the telex unit to pause the transfer of your contract
fund to your nominated bank account.
As a result of this development verification conducted by the Finance
Ministry in conjunction with the Debt Verification Panel on your
contract/Inheritance case file has been endorsed for payment awaiting your
confirmations. In view of several efforts already made by us to contact you
for the following reasons based on the new account submitted to this office
on your behalf:
(1) My Office desks have just received a sworn affidavit from to re-route
your payment into a new bank account number assisted: VA-CAP Federal Credit
Union, 1700 Robin Hood Road, Richmond, VA 23220.Account number 32501.of Mr.
RAINER HESSE. The sum of US$25. ( TWEEN Fifteen Million United States
(2) Please, confirm to our department if you have instructed Mr. RAINER
HESSE to appoint an attorney/agent on your behalf thereby asking that the
receive cash call remittance on your behalf.
(3) It have come to our notice that you are being contacted by unauthorized
individuals with respect to your contract payment but unfortunately this
office is not aware of your unofficial dealings and warned that it is at
your own risk.
(4) Please, also confirm if you have authorized Mr. RAINER HESSE to change
your banking particulars to the following particulars stated below: VACAP
Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin Hood Road, Richmond, VA 23220. Account
number 3250163 Also re-confirm your Contract Number, Contract Amount,
Private Telephone and Fax number, your e-mail address, Office or home
address so that we can cross-check it with our file records.
We have decided to contact you for re-verification because we suspected
that Mr. RAINER HESSE is trying to divert your money through the sworn
affidavit into a new different bank account. You are advised to call the
Chairman Debt Verification Panel
upon the receipt of this mail.
Finance Minister of the Federation On behalf :
PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA (GCFR)
Warning: This communiqu is from the PRESIDENTIAL BOARD OF TRUSTEE ON
CONTRACT/Inheritance PAYMENT upon the advice of the Presidential adviser on
Contract/ Inheritance are advised to adhere strictly to directive. Any fund
beneficiary who ignores
instruction will be doing so at his own risk and should not blame the
Federal Government Of Nigeria for non-payment of their
contract funds. Website: http://www.nigeria.gov.ng/