fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Ken Lee" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 18 Jun 2021 05:08:36 -0700
Subject: YOUR ATM CARD RELEASE ORDER:
Dear Sir /Madam,
YOUR ATM CARD RELEASE ORDER:
This is to inform you that an ATM Card worth of $10.5 Million US
Dollars has been accredited by the Federal Government of Republic Du
Benin as Fund Compensation currently approved in your favor. You are
receiving this email message as a result of the FBI working closely
with the Federal Government of Republic of Benin and also the World
Bank in order to fully compensate victims that have had problems in
receiving their funds or lost funds in the process. Your name is among
the list of beneficiaries for the above payment which was just
recently approved in your favor.
This is an Express Shipments reference who have received him"s ATM
card with Tracking number DHL:6898438400
please send your information below for the delivery of your ATM Card.
Your full Nameâ¦â¦â¦â¦..
Thanks for your understanding.
Dr/Mr. Ken Lee (CON).
GOVERNOR ECONOMIC&FINANCIAL MATTERS
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