fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "necessary legal documents" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "top secret" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- "transaction is risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- "chambers" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Salim Y. Ahmed" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 2 Jun 2021 05:45:37 -0700
Subject: Re: Greetings From Salim Y. Ahmed
I am Attorney Salim Y. Ahmed, a Legal practitioner here in United Arab
Emirate (UAE) and I wish to solicit your assistance in a deal that
involves reasonable amount of funds. This deal by virtue of its nature
must be utterly confidential and top secret. Though I know that
transaction of this magnitude will make any one apprehensive and
worried, but I am assuring you that this will be done under a
legitimate arrangement that will protect both of us from any breach of
Like I stated above, I am a Legal practitioner here in UAE and I came
to know you in my private search for a reliable and reputable Business
Person/individual that can handle this confidential deal with me,
which requires maximum confidence and trust from both sides.
I had a client by name Mr. Paul Louis Halley who was one of the
richest man in France but does most of his business in UAE and also a
highest investor/stakeholder in Carrefour. He was into several
businesses before his untimely death by air crash. This website will
give you comprehensive picture of what I am talking about (
). My client who died along with his lovely wife deposited the Sum of
$71.7 Million (Seventy One million, Seven Hundred Thousand United
States Dollars Only) with a bank here in Switzerland.
During the bank audit exercise, the bank discovered my late client's
deposit as an unclaimed credit balance, hence issued me a notice to
provide any relatives of my client otherwise they will have the
account closed and the fund confiscated. I have made several inquiries
to his high commission to locate my client's extended relatives, but
all my efforts proved abortive, I then decided to trace his relatives
or family member over the internet but still all to no avail, and
hence I found you as my instinct convinces me that you will be a
trustworthy and honest business partner and I decided to contact you
to assist me in repatriating my late client's deposit before it got
confiscated or declared unclaimed by the Financial institution where
the fund is lodged.
I now seek your permission to present you as my deceased client
relative and have you stand as the Next of Kin to my deceased client
so that the funds of $71.7 Million (Seventy One million, Seven Hundred
Thousand United States Dollars Only ) can be released and paid into
your account as the Beneficiary and Next of kin.
I will provide all necessary legal documents that can be used to back
up your claim. Please get in touch with me immediately if you are
interested to assist me and send to me your contact address, and
direct telephone number, then I will commence work in your name. Be
informed that this transaction is risk free otherwise my chambers will
not contact you because it is against our ethics. Please acknowledge
receipt of this message in acceptance of our mutual business endeavour
by furnishing me with the followings;
1. YOUR FULL NAME
2) YOUR CONTACT ADDRESS
3) DIRECT TELEPHONE AND FAX NUMBERS
6) MARITAL STATUS
These requirements will enable us file letters of claim to the
appropriate departments for necessary approvals in your favour. Call
me as soon as you receive this message for further clarification.
Looking forward to your prompt response.
Attorney Salim Y. Ahmed.
Advocates & Legal Consultants,
Financial Attorney, (SKA Associates).
Address: P.O. Box 545146; Sheikh Zayed Road, Abu Dhabi, U.A.E