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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Paul Adams <>
Date: Tue, 1 Jun 2021 16:59:34 -0600
Subject: I have successfully transferred the fund.

Hello my good friend,

How are you doing, hope all is well with you? You may not understand why
this email message came to you,but if you do not remember me,you might have
received an email from me in the past regarding a multi-million-dollar
business proposal which we never concluded. I am using this opportunity to
inform you that the multi-million-dollar business has been concluded with
the assistance of another partner from France who financed the transaction
to a logical conclusion. I thank you for your great efforts to our
unfinished transfer of fund into your account due to one reason or the
other best known to you. I want to inform you that I have successfully
transferred the fund to my new partner's account in France that was capable
of assisting me in this great venture. Due to your effort,
sincerity,courage and trust worthiness you showed during the course of the
transaction. I want to compensate you and show my gratitude to you with the
sum of $350,000.00. I have left a Bank Draft for you worth $350,000.00
cash-able anywhere in the world, Three Hundred and Fifty Thousand United
States Dollars Only.

Kindly contact my account officer through this email address ( for the collection of your bank draft, her
names are: Mrs. Patricia Dennis, I have authorized her to release the Bank
Draft to you whenever you contact her regarding it. At the moment, I'm very
busy with my partner because of the investment project which I and my new
partner are having at hand. Please I will like you to accept this token
with good faith as this is from the bottom of my heart,Also comply with
Mrs. Patricia's directive so that your DRAFT can reach you without delay.
Note her contact details below:

Name: Patricia Dennis

I did not forget your past efforts and attempts to help in receiving the
fund as requested of you in the past, now I'm rejoicing, so I and my
partner are giving you this, so that you can rejoice too.

Yours sincerely,
Paul Adams.

Anti-fraud resources: