fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Grayson Carson" <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 30 May 2021 03:45:52 +0200
Subject: Datum: 29 / 05 / 2021
Datum: 29 / 05 / 2021
Jmenuji se Dr. Grayson Carson, provoznÃ Åeditel Standard Bank of South
Africa, a potÅebuji spolehlivÃ©ho cizince, abych mohl uskuteÄnit tuto
ÃÄet v mÃ© bance otevÅel jeden z mÃ½ch zÃ¡kaznÃkÅ¯ na jmÃ©no MR. THOMAS BAHIA
holandskÃ½ stÃ¡tnÃ pÅÃsluÅ¡nÃk z NÄmecka, kterÃ½ sloÅ¾il fixnÃ vklad ve vÃ½Å¡i 11
500 000,00 $ (jedenÃ¡ct milionÅ¯, pÄt set tisÃc americkÃ½ch dolarÅ¯) a uÅ¾ se
nikdy neobjevil, a pozdÄji jsem zjistil, Å¾e zemÅel se vÅ¡emi svÃ½mi rodinnÃ½mi
pÅÃsluÅ¡nÃky pÅi leteckÃ©m neÅ¡tÄstÃ, ke kterÃ©mu doÅ¡lo v Libyi 12. kvÄtna 2010
a nÃÅ¾e je odkaz pro vÃ¡Å¡ nÃ¡zor ..
NynÃ chci pÅedstavit cizince jako blÃzkÃ©ho pÅÃbuznÃ©ho zesnulÃ©ho Thomase,
abychom mohli uplatnit nÃ¡rok a pokud mÃ¡te zÃ¡jem, kontaktujte mÄ, abych vÃ¡m
mohl poskytnout podrobnÄjÅ¡Ã informace o tÃ©to transakci. O sdÃlenÃ penÄz se
bude dÄlit v pomÄru 50% pro mÄ, 40% pro vÃ¡s a 10% na pokrytÃ naÅ¡ich vÃ½dajÅ¯
po uzavÅenÃ obchodu.
CelkovÃ¡ ÄÃ¡stka, kterÃ¡ mÃ¡ bÃ½t pÅevedena, je nynÃ 12,2 milionu USD kvÅ¯li
ÃºrokÅ¯m, kterÃ© fond nashromÃ¡Å¾dil od roku 2010.
ZajistÄte, aby toto absolutnÄ dÅ¯vÄrnÃ© poÄasÃ mÄlo zÃ¡jem nebo ne.
Dr. Grayson Carson