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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joshua Leeroy <>
Date: Sat, 22 May 2021 13:09:32 +0100
Subject: Are you interested?

Dear Sir/Madam ,

Thank you for responding to my email and accepting to work with me on
the investment program.

I am a Financial Consultant and I have a client from Middle-east who
wants to invest in any lucrative investment within your country or
outside. He is looking for Joint Partnership who can manage fund based
on his investment experience. With your experience as a lawyer or if
you have any client looking for Joint Partnership, we are ready to
work with you or the client.

The total amount of investment is $750MillionUSD, but my client will
start with $350MillionUSD or less, depending on the Fund Manager and
the sector you wants to invest the fund on.

If you are ready and interested to work with us, please respond back
so we will contact the investor so that more details will be given to

Full Names :
Home Address :
Mobile / Tel Number :
Occupation :
Alternative email :

I will be expecting your response.

Joshua Leeroy

Anti-fraud resources: