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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Carlos Slim Helu" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 21 May 2021 15:55:29 -0700
Subject: Attention Beneficiary $4,450,000.00 USD

Attention Beneficiary $4,450,000.00 USD

My name is Carlos Slim Helu, A philanthropist the CEO and Chairman of the Carlos Slim Helu Charitable Foundation, one of the largest private foundations in the world. I believe strongly in giving while living? I had one idea that never changed in my mind that you should use your wealth to help people and I have decided to secretly give {$4,450,000.00 USD } to randomly selected individuals worldwide. On receipt of this email, you should count yourself as one of the lucky individual. Your email address was chosen online while searching at random. Kindly get back to me at your earliest convenience, so I know your email address is valid. ( )

In case you receive this message in your spam folder it could be due to your internet service provider (ISP) so kindly move to your inbox before replying.also reply to my private email address at ( ) for urgent response.

Mr. Carlos Slim Helu.

Anti-fraud resources: