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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dorothy Georgieva <>
Date: Fri, 21 May 2021 12:21:16 -0800
Subject: Attention Beneficiary, I am contacting you to inform you to that we
have concluded to effect your Lottery Inheritance wining payment through
Western Union Money transfer & we have sent the first transfer of $5,000 this
morning from your Inheritance sum of $2.5 Million USD, Therefore you need to
contact the Western Union agent David Kamakas and ask him for all the
transfer payment information & the MTCN for pick up at of from any nearby
Western Union. Contact Agent: David Kamakas Email: westernuniocen

Anti-fraud resources: