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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Cowley Geofrey Peter"<>
Date: Fri, 21 May 2021 13:48:58 +0200

Atten Sir
How are you today, I do hope you are doing okay. My name is Mr. Cowley Geo=
frey Peter I am a private broker having worked in a bank and decided to vol=
untarily retire before my due date due to a life threatening illness. I cam=
e to know you in my private search for a reliable and reputable person that=
I can partner with in what I termed as a once in a lifetime business oppor=
tunity that came my way but I cannot handle it alone due to my illness. kn=
owing the internet has made it easier for all of us to get details of peopl=
e, companies and virtually anything one needs I have no doubt that you will=
not be surprised that I contacted you.
I want to propose to you with regards to twenty-five million five hundred =
thousand united states dollars ($25,500,000. 00) that I want you to assis=
t me to invest. This fund is presently lying in one of the banks in Asia. T=
his proposal is in good faith as such there is nothing to worry about. It i=
s also not A MUST DO affair on your part if you don=2019t want to but I am =
100% sure that you will love to explore this God giving opportunity the mom=
ent you get back to me for further details. Do

please send your reply to my private email (

Mr. Cowley Geofrey Peter

Anti-fraud resources: