fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "(IMF REPS BENIN.)" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 16 May 2021 22:34:03 -0700
IMF REPS BENIN
The (IMF) have concluded to effect your payment of2,7Millions,You
shall be receiving $6000.00 daily
Until the sum of $2.700.000.00 USA dollars is completely transferred
to you accordingly.
Reconfirm them your information avoid mistake *Full
Director: Mr.Anthony Martins
Tel: +229 69461216
Please make a Choice of delivery for the Shipping of your ATM CARD as
they are as charged Below;
DHL COURIER COMPANY Shipping fee: $68.00 (1 day delivery)
FedEx COURIER COMPANY Shipping fee: $53.00 (2 day delivery)
UPS COURIER COMPANY Shipping fee: $49.00 (3 day delivery)
TNT COURIER COMPANY Shipping fee: $84.00 (3 day delivery)
Receiver name ANTHONY CHIOKWE
Address: Lot No. 23 Patte D'Oie, 03 BP 2147
Test Answer-------- ATM
So hasten up and give the director a call to
Process your payment at once. Ask him for the
Information to pick up your first payment of $6000
(IMF REPS BENIN.)