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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "debbie susan" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 15 May 2021 13:43:51 -0700
Subject: Hello Dear


Sorry for intruding upon your privacy. My name is debbie susan From
Ireland Married to Engr. Terry debbie.I am currently ill with cancer
disease and I wish to donate my inheritance ($4.5M), that my late
husband left with a financial institution. Recently, My doctor told me
that I might not live for more than Three months from now due to my
cancer illness. I want you to utilize it to establish business
investments that will create job opportunities for the jobless
population and less privileged. I will give you more details only if
you are willing and ready to handle this project.

Kinds Regards,
Mrs debbie susan..

Anti-fraud resources: