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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Brian Hodge" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 15 May 2021 18:36:04 +0200

It was Resolved and Agreed upon by the Government Iowa, USA that your Inheritance/Contract Funds in amount of $5.5m. would be released to you on a special method of payment which tag"SWIFT ATM MASTER DEBIT CARD"
You are Advise to Re-confirm the below informations
NEXT OF KIN.........................
PHONE .......................
OCCUPATION ...........
To the Payment/Clearance Unit information below:
Contact person:David Solomon
Offshore Department Iowa, USA.
Mr.Brian Hodge

Informativa Privacy - Ai sensi del Regolamento UE 2016/679 (GDPR) si precisa che le informazioni contenute in questo messaggio sono riservate e ad uso esclusivo del destinatario. Vogliate tener presente che qualsiasi uso, riproduzione o divulgazione di questo messaggio ่ vietata
Qualora il messaggio Le fosse pervenuto per errore, La preghiamo di eliminarlo senza copiarlo e di non inoltrarlo a terzi, dandocene gentilmente comunicazione.
Privacy Information - This message, for the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), may contain confidential and/or privileged information.
If you are not the addressee or authorized to receive this for the addressee, you must not use, copy, disclose or take any action based on this message or any information herein.
If you have received this message in error, please advise the sender immediately by reply e-mail and delete this message.
Thank you for your cooperation.

Anti-fraud resources: