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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: (sent from abused email account)
Reply-To: Lerynne West <>
Date: Sat, 15 May 2021 10:23:59 -0300 (ART)
Subject: RE


You have been chosen to receive a donation of €2,800,000.00 from the Callum Foundation. I won the America Lottery worth $343 Million and I am donating a portion of it to five happy people and charities. This donation is in memory of my late son who died of cancer, and in improving the lives of many people affected by this coronavirus. Reply to this email for more details.

Best regards;
Ms. Lerynne West
Founder: Callum Foundation

Anti-fraud resources: