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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Winnie Moy" <>
Date: Sat, 08 May 2021 06:17:44 -0700
Subject: Hello Good Day

Hello, good Morning,

After the meeting we had today with Managing Director Bank of America Office
New York USA which is the bank responsible for the payment of your
long awaited funds of $10.5M, The bank have agreed that you pay a
minimum of $50 only and
receive a part payment of your funds worth $500,000, and by the time
you confirm this money in your account, you can now pay the remaining
balance and receive the remaining part of your funds.

This is the best and final option for you to receive your long awaited
funds and be happy. I will send you the information on how to send
the fee to me once I hear from you.

I await your swift response.
Congratulations and God bless.


Dr.Winnie Moy
Customer Service Manager
Bank of America
New York USA
Tell:+1 313 277846

Anti-fraud resources: