fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "contract award committee" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: DR GANI YAYA <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 7 May 2021 14:49:06 +0000
Subject: I write to involve you strictly for a business seeking for utmost
confidentiality,i require your mutual partnership to close a business that
will benefit you,if you give me your consent.
My name is Dr Gani Yaya. It is my pleasure to write this mail basically to seek your consent on transaction which involves transfer of an over-invoiced contract from my ministry to your bank account. The amount involved is S$15million.
I am a member of the Contract Award Committee (CAC) in my ministry Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). The contract was intentionally over-invoiced from the real value of contract award US$56m to the present face value of US$71m. Formal approval for payment has been granted to the total face value of US$71m and the real contract value U$56m has been paid on completion of the contract in 2006. Then the remaining balance of US$15million is what I intend to process to your private bank account for the benefit of you and I.
There is an official embargo prohibiting all serving civil servants from operating foreign bank accounts. It is a serious barrier to me hence it is wisely thought to make this contact to you seeking your kind cooperation to work this transaction out.
The modalities of sharing and safety of the fund in your bank account will be discussed as soon as you indicate your willingness to work with me.
Indicate your interest in working with me through this email address firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Gani Yaya
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