fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "African Development Bank (AfDB)" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 7 May 2021 06:12:19 +0200
Subject: COMPENSATION FOR YOUR EFFORT
My Dear Friend
After several attempt to reach you on phone, The United Nations in cooperation with World Bank have agreed to compensate you with the sum of ($2.500.000.0 Two Million Five Thousand US Dollars) after your name and email was submitted by the Internet International Monitoring Group during the UNCC Conference Meeting which was held this 21/2/2020 edition with UN Secretary General António Guterres in Geneva Switzerland. This payment Program is
organized for charity organization for Scam victims and development.
Your e-mail appeared among the (110) beneficiaries for the year 2020/2021 who will receive the sum of $2.500.000.0 Two Million Five Thousand US Dollars which has been issued by International BANK of AFRICA, it has been approved for immediate delivery to you.
Your urgent response to Jason Bailey; who will help you facilitate the onward delivery of your Bank Draft by Deutsche Post courier, Contact Jason Bailey by whatsapp +447438383174 E-mail: (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Send to Him the below details.
1. Your Full Name,
3. Tel:No, and a scan Copy Of You Identification (ID)
Thanks, God bless you and your family.
Mr. Dhelp Portlorah (International remittance dept).
African Development Bank (AfDB)