fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- firstname.lastname@example.org * (Gmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs.Abigail Johnson" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 7 May 2021 04:17:13 +0100
Subject: FUND DONATION FOR YOU!!
Fidelity Investments Inc, commonly referred to as Fidelity. Fidelity
Investments Inc is a multinational financial services , It is the fourth
largest asset manager with over $2.4 trillionI believe strongly in giving
while living and I have one idea that never changed in my mind, that one
should use his/her wealth to help people and I have decided to secretly
give USD$ 3,000,000.00 Million Dollars to randomly selected individuals
worldwide.On receipt of this message, you should count yourself as one of
the lucky individuals, You have been chosen as of the random beneficiaries.
Kindly get back to me at your earliest convenience, so that I will
personally intimate on you on how to receive the fundVisit my web page to
know more aboutme: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abigail_Johnson