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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Paul Adams <>
Date: Thu, 6 May 2021 06:57:25 -0700
Subject: Compensation Fund in Your Favor.

Hello my good friend,

How are you doing, hope all is well with you?

You may not understand why this email message came to you,but if you do not
remember me,you might have received an email from me in the past regarding
a multi-million-dollar business proposal which we never concluded. I am
using this opportunity to inform you that the multi-million-dollar business
has been concluded with the assistance of another partner from France who
financed the transaction to a logical conclusion. I thank you for your
great efforts to our unfinished transfer of fund into your account due to
one reason or the other best known to you. I want to inform you that I have
successfully transferred the fund to my new partner's account in Paris that
was capable of assisting me in this great venture. Due to your effort,
sincerity,courage and trust worthiness you showed during the course of the
transaction. I want to compensate you and show my gratitude to you with the
sum of $500,000.00. I have left a Bank Draft for you worth $500,000.00
cash-able anywhere in the world, Five Hundred Thousand United States
Dollars Only.

Kindly contact my account officer through this email address ( ) for the collection of your bank draft, her names
are: Mrs. Patricia A. Dennis, I have authorized her to release the Bank
Draft to you whenever you contact her regarding it. At the moment, I'm away
and very busy with my partner because of the investment project which I and
my new partner are having at hand. Please I will like you to accept this
token with good faith as this is from the bottom of my heart,Also comply
with Mrs. Patricia's directive so that your DRAFT can reach you without
delay. Note her contact details below:

Name: Patricia A. Dennis
Phone: +229-95718717

I did not forget your past efforts and attempts to help in receiving the
fund as requested in the past, so I and my partner are giving you this
amount as donation, so that you can rejoice as well. It will be nice to let
me know once you receive your Check from my account officer (Mrs. Patricia

Yours sincerely,

Anti-fraud resources: