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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: John Costa <>
Date: Sun, 25 Apr 2021 05:17:09 -0700
Subject: Investment Partnership Proposal


I am re-sending my previous mail to you, i hope you do get it this time
around and understand its content fully.

I find it pleasurable to offer you my partnership in business. I am
contacting you briefly based on the Investment of Two Hundred Million
Dollars (US$ 200,000,000:00) in your country, as I presently have a
client who is interested in investing in your country. I find it
imperative to solicit for a partnership. Hence upon receipt of this
letter, I implore you to kindly respond and let me know how possible
it is to work with you in mutual partnership under the conditions

1. My client's fund is legal cash.
2. My client is willing to invest immediately.
3. My client will pay you a commission of 30% of the investment fund
for logistics and protocols.
4. My client desires absolute confidentiality in the handling and
management of this brief.

I must draw your attention to the fact that I have kept the
information's herein this letter stated brief; as I do not know if you
will receive this letter and or what your response will be, If you do
have the interest and the capability to partner with me under the
above stated conditions, I will appreciate your response sent back to
me Immediately.
I will appreciate that you include a brief profile of your self and
your company for me to better appreciate your personality. I look
forward to your response and our partnership. Have a nice day.

Sincerely Yours,

John DaCosta.
J. DaCosta Investment Consultancy
Private Email Address:
Telephone Number:+4470 1295 8624.
London, England.

Anti-fraud resources: