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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Melanie Adebayo <>
Date: Thu, 22 Apr 2021 19:25:23 +0000
Subject: Serious Partnership

Thanks for your attention and I pray that my decision to contact you
will be given genuine approval. I crave your permission to introduce
myself. l am Miss. Melanie Adebayo, the only daughter of late Chief
George Adebayo, I humbly write to solicit for your partnership and
assistance in the transfer and investment of my inheritance funds in
your country from my late father's bank account who died mysteriously.
The amount he left for me is ($7.5millions Usd) Please if I can trust
in your sincerity and honesty to help me, I will give you 20% of the
total fund, including any expenses during the cause of your help.

Once you accept to assist me in this transaction, I will be giving you
more details.
I will expect to hear from you soon to continue.

Thanks Warm Regards
Miss. Melanie Adebayo

Anti-fraud resources: