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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Jane Valerian" <>
Date: Wed, 21 Apr 2021 07:08:12 -0700
Subject: HELLO, Dear Beloved, I am Mrs. Jane Valerian from, United States. It
is understandable that you may be a bit apprehensive because you do not know
me, I found your email address from a Human resources database and decided to
contact you. I would love to employ you into my charity work, I am ready to
donate some money to you to carry on the Charity work in your country. Please
reply so that i will give you further details and tell you about myself.
Yours Sincerely Mrs. Jane Valerian

Anti-fraud resources: