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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.John Savage" <>
Date: Wed, 21 Apr 2021 05:07:14 -0700


Below is the email:I sent to you.

I am so sorry for sending you this unsolicited and unexpected email.
I actually got your contact from your country website and l decided to
contact you directly about this business venture.

I am contacting you in good faith and this business investment
proposal will be of mutual benefit for us. I have a business proposal
in a huge sum of (Eight Hundred & Twenty Million United States
Dollars} to be transferred to any safe account with your assistance.

Contact me back via my email ( ) if you are
interested in this business investment proposal and if you can be
trusted for further briefing and details.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Kind Regards.
Mr.John Savage

Anti-fraud resources: