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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Khaled Ali" <>
Date: Wed, 21 Apr 2021 04:16:37 -0700
Subject: Kindly Reply

Hello Dear,

My name is Dr. Khaled Ali.

I need to confirm if you can handle an investment portfolio of over a
hundred million United states dollars (USD).

You can read more about me on my profile through the link below and
get back to me if you can handle the Portfolio for further details.


I await your response

Yours Sincerely,
Dr. Khaled Ali.

Anti-fraud resources: