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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: BMW Dealership <>
Reply-To: "" <>
Date: Wed, 21 Apr 2021 17:10:40 +0800 (HKT)
Subject: Dear Winner,


The Board of Directors, members of staff BMW Group and the International
Awareness Promotion Dept. wishes to congratulate you on your success as one
of our TEN(10) STAR PRIZE WINNERS in this years' BMW Automobile
International Awareness Promotion (IAP)
This makes you the proud owner of a Brand New BMW X6 Series and a Bank
Certified Draft of $2,000,000.00 ( Two Million United States Dollars). The
car comes with a special BMW Insurance Cover for one a year.
Get back to us with your full name and residential address to verify your profile and process
your winning for delivery. Hoping to read from you ASAP.
Congratulations once again


Anti-fraud resources: