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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Lea Edem" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 20 Apr 2021 23:25:14 -0000
Subject: From Mrs.Lea Edem!!

I'm Mrs.Lea Edem, I work with one of the leading banks here in Lome, the capital, I sent mail earlier without an answer. I have an important business that I want to discuss with you. I want to move a substantial amount of money that belonged to our client who died since 2010 leaving nobody to claim his deposit. As his personal account manager, our bank mandated me to look for his relatives to claim the money but I have not been able to locate his relatives. Now, I want us to make a deal and transfer this money within days and share at an equal ratio at the end.
I will give you full details when i hear from you.
Mrs.Lea  Edem

Anti-fraud resources: