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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Elizabeth Monaghan"<www>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 20 Apr 2021 12:40:34 -0700
Subject: US$3,850,000.00 financial settlement to you, Ref No. FSC/VD2-LN/PY8.

Ref No: FSC/VD2-LN/PY8

Good Morning,

We are not sure you received our previous message but once again we wish to use this medium to congratulate and inform you that you have been officially selected to receive a compensation amount of US$3,850,000.00 with Ref No.FSC/VD2-LN/PY8.

For details and guidelines to immediately receive your US$3,850,000.00, kindly contact our payment director, Mrs. Rosamund Clarke today directly by email, using the below information.

Name: Mrs.Rosamund Clarke
Direct E-Mail:

PLEASE NOTE: All correspondence should directly be sent to Mrs.Rosamund Clarke email ( and must have the above stated reference number: FSC/VD2-LN/PY8, sent along with your telephone number for prompt attention.

Yours sincerely,
Financial Services, UK

Anti-fraud resources: