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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr John Richard <>
Reply-To: "" <>
Date: Sun, 18 Apr 2021 11:08:28 +0900
Subject: Dear Beneficiary

This is to inform you that I have registered your card valued $3,000,000 through courier company DHL, the registration code is: awb 33xzs.
Kindly re-confirm your information to avoid wrong claim,

Full Name.....
Phone Number.........
Delivery Address........

Contact Mr.John Richard Email
I have paid for the Insurance & Delivery fee. The only fee you have to pay is $95 their Security fee Please indicate the registration Number
and ask Him how to pay their Security fee of $95 so that you can pay it immediately.

Best Regards,

Mr.John Richard

Anti-fraud resources: