fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following fake company names, fake addresses, non-existent institutions/documents or other details have appeared in scams before:
- "first national bank" (not involved with lotteries)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "World Bank" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 14 Apr 2021 11:56:46 -0700
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary
World Bank Switzerland,
No 1 Postfach CH 4002 Basel Switzerland.
RE: PAYMENT OF $10.7 MILLION
I am instructed to keep you posted on the outcome of our emergency meeting with the World Bank president, David R. Malpass,
international monetary fund (IMF), London and Paris club and (UN) I hereby inform you that your winnings/inheritance payment
file have been Signed and forwarded to the First National Bank of America USA and I am giving you the contact of your
Payment Officer in First National Bank of America USA who is in charge of your fund.
Make sure you contact him with below details because he will guild you on how to get your fund via online banking which was
deposited in First National Bank of America USA Internal account.
Bank Name: First National Bank of America
Name: CEO.Vincent J. Delie, Jr
Make sure you contact Mr.Vincent J. Delie, Jr with your
Next Of Kin:
The person in charge of the transfer of your fund via Online Transfer from First National Bank of America USA to any bank of
your choice worldwide. Upon your final transferring of your fund and confirmation in your account don't fail to keep me
posted for record purposes.
Congratulations as I await to hear from you.
World Bank International Auditor Switzerland.