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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Topchrono Courier" <>
Date: Fri, 16 Apr 2021 16:35:58 -0700

The delivery of your consignment box containing $5.5 Million US Dollars was halted,it is surprising to us that this shipmentis being delayed & we have asked the delivery agent not to return but wait behind so you will be contacted on this. You are advised to get in touch Mike Hanssen with the fee to get the needed clearance so he can complete the delivery.

Make sure you contact him with the following for security reasons;

Your full names
Telephone number
His email address is

We will like to remind you the delivery agent doesn't have much time to stay on this and so you have to contact him as soon as possible.

Mr. Mico Lawson

Anti-fraud resources: