fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Christopher Quinlan QC <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 14 Apr 2021 00:43:10 -0700
My name is Christopher Quinlan QC I am a solicitor at law / investment adviser to your late relative. Your late relative left behind Cash deposit in capital and investment security account along with properties, I will like to discuss with you regarding making this claim since he is related to you going by the lineage, surname and country of origin.
Please get back to me on my private email firstname.lastname@example.org for further details.
To facilitate the process of this transaction, urgently forward to me
Your full names,
Telephone and fax numbers,
I will be expecting to hear from you.
Christopher Quinlan QC
Private email email@example.com