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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barrister Bruce Victor" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 13 Apr 2021 15:31:30 -0700

Thanks  for  your  email,  I  appreciate  the  great  interest  you have  shown  towards  my first letter to you. I am Barrister Bruce Victor, Attorney to Engr. Indira Pinder, an India National who was a gold merchant based in Accra  Ghana in West Africa. 
On the 19th of January, 2017, my client traveled to Kano State in Nigeria West Africa to seal up a contract deal with a Mining  firm based in Kano State, but unfortunately he was killed by the coordinated bombing and gun attacks in Kano by the BokoHaram Islamic sect in Nigeria,  in which over 100 people were killed, on the 20th January 2012, see Nation Newspaper of 21st January 2017 or this website USTRE80J1WO20120121 for details.
Before his death, he deposited the sum of $50M US dollars with a bank in Ghana meant for the purchase of gold fields in Ghana and also has $250million in Madrid  Spain which I am fully aware of as his attorney. Since his death, the business could not continue which made me demand back the fund from the bank but I was asked to present the next of kin to the deceased.
All effort made to get the relatives of the deceased  proved abortive hence I have to seek your assistance to stand  as the next of kin to my client,  on condition that I and you will share the fund on the  modalities as may be agreed by both of us once it is transferred into  your bank account. I have all the necessary documents to back up this claim .
I Await your urgent response.
Bruce Victor (Barr.)

Anti-fraud resources: