fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "stay blessed" (scammers in West Africa like to use religious phrases)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "JUDITH FAULKNER" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 11 Apr 2021 03:10:03 +0300
I hope you're doing well. My name is Judith, I bring to you a humanitarian project proposal request that I am interested in. However, I am writing this email to you with heavy sorrow in my heart, it's painful to let you know that I have been suffering from esophageal cancer and rare heart disease for the past 5 years, just a few weeks ago I was told by my doctor that I had only a little time left. I am contacting you because I don't have any other option but to open up to you about my project at hand. I know there might be some suspicion to this mail but I do plead with you to contact me for further information so as to erase any doubts and I promise you that you will not regret this.
Please get back to me for further information as I humbly await your response. Thank you for your consideration.
Mrs. Judith R. Faulkner