fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Clement Orbed <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 13 Apr 2021 09:19:50 -0700
Subject: Respond for more details of next of kin.
Attn: My Dear,
I am Mr. Clement Orbed a Banker also an Account officer to Late Alex
Hernandez our customer who died in a Car Accident few months Ago, but
before his sudden death he left USD$12.800.000.00 Million in a fixed
Deposit Account here in our Bank but as his personal Account Manager,
our bank Authorize me to look for his relatives to come and claim the
money(Funds) but I have not been able to locate his relatives,So I
humbly need your Assistance to receive these Funds into your Account
as the Next of Kin.
I guarantee that this transaction will be successfully without any problem.
Let me hear from you and I will give you more information. So go ahead
and with your reply now and don't be afraid of any anybody.
Mr. Clement Orbed Esq.
My private e-mail: email@example.com