fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "offshore account" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mr.GODWIN EMEFIELE <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 25 Mar 2021 15:46:24 +0100
Subject: Central Bank of Nigeria. Re:Your Unclaimed funds.
Address. Central Bank of Nigeria.
Plot 33,Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Way Central
Business District, Cadastral Zone,.
Abuja, Federal Capital Territory,
Attention: Foreign Beneficiary
The Central Bank of Nigeria are in contact with you on the restructuring of your Outstanding Funds which has been in the Nigeria
Federal Government Treasury Account in the Central Bank Nigeria as the mother of all Banking in Nigeria and our President Mr. Muhammadu
Buhari who is the Champion against corruption fight has restructuring the release of your Outstanding Funds which value the sum of $US6.5
Millions and this is to alert you as the foreign beneficiary that own Funds which has been deposited in an Online Offshore Account as secure
and safe Account for you foreign beneficiary to access and get the claiming of your Funds to your own Bank Account possession in your
country. It will be appropriately measure for the CBN as the motherâs of all Banking within Nigeria in receiving positive attention from you
the Beneficiary of the Funds which files Number is as the following(028768909) in my Office desk as the Governor of the CBN and as the
head of Nigeria Banking sector it my duty to properly instruct you on the prospect of your Funds re claiming from the Online Offshore
Account where your $US6.5 has been credited in your favored.Beneficiary before any further information from our Bank toward the
procedure of you accessing the Online Offshore Account your $US6.5Millions had been deposited, the Bank demand you are to re confirm
your Full detail to ensure we are communicating with the reliable Beneficiary of the Funds.
Re Confirm your full detail as the following below.
Next of Kinâs:
This is to inform you that all legal Certification of the funds to Beneficiary of the Funds has been obtained from the Supreme Court by
the Bank Attorney Barrister OJO William who he's senior advocate in Nigeria and it has been procured and I have it as well in my Office as
the Governor of the Bank, we require all positive attention from you because the Bank will only attend to the reliable Beneficiary of the
Funds whom is ready to proceed the re claiming of your Outstanding Funds from the Online Offshore Account which is hundred percent secure
for you the beneficiary to achieve transferring of the Funds from thatOnline Offshore Account down to your own nominated Bank Account in
your country without any trouble from your Country, which noGovernment non any Authorities will intercept the transfer of the
Funds from the Online Offshore Account it had been deposited in your favor.
All further information will be reveal from our Bank immediately you comply with our Banking policy email as the Beneficiary.
reply back to our email (email@example.com)
OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE CBN
MR GODWIN EMEFIELE
OFFICIAL DIRECT CELL: +2347037957239