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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John O. Aboh - Ecobank" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 19 Mar 2021 21:42:04 -0700
Subject: Re: Bequest Contract Fund

ECOBANK  NIGERIA PLC - The Pan African Bank
Plot 21, Ahmadu Bello Way
Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria.
Tel: +234-903-766-7403
Swift code: ECOCNGLA
Good Day,
Following the approval of the contract sum of Sixty-Eight Million, Two Hundred Thousand United States Dollars only by the Federal Ministry of Finance, be informed that we have received a Power of Attorney from Eng. Shawn Morgan's Lawyer to release this contract fund to you as his next of kin.
It might interest you to know that Eng. Shawn Morgan whom had a contract with the NNPC have made you beneficiary to this contract fund, and have submited your details to us instructing us to contact you and release this contract fund to you as his Next of Kin.
More so, the ownership of this fund has been legally transferred to your name, and the necessary legal document have been submited to us by his lawyer, which gives you the legal right to receive this fund.
Based on that, you are required to re-confirm your details to us.
Your full name
Current Address:
Mobile Phone Number
Sex, Marital Status
Finally, upon the receipt of your response, we shall send you all the necessary document for your perusal.
Your expedite response is needed.
Yours in service,
Mr. John O. Aboh
Chairman of the Board
Ecobank Nigeria Limited

Anti-fraud resources: