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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Patience Oniha" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 7 Mar 2021 03:20:35 -0800

Attention; Dear,
We have noticed with deep concern the fraudulent and corrupt practices by some officials of the Nigerian financial institutions and government agencies formerly designated with the duty to process and perform the remittances of various foreign contract/inheritance payments. These nefarious activities have put Nigeria in bad light among committee of nations, which have been very inimical to her economic growth and development. It is a fact that some beneficiaries while trying to realize their legitimate contract/inheritance claims/payments have unsuspectingly fallen prey to schemes and grand designs by these bad elements in Nigeria who creates artificial
impediments in the processing of foreign contract/inheritance payments as devices to perpetrate fraud/scam.
In need to restore and re-position the ailing Nigerian economy and status for improved direct foreign investments and economic growth, the National Economic Council (NEC) was established by the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, as amended in Section 153(1) and Paragraphs 18 & 19 of Part I of the Third Schedule. The National Economic Council (NEC) was inaugurated by President Muhammadu Buhari on 29 June 2015 with the clear mandate to “advise the President concerning the economic affairs of the
Federation, and in particular on measures necessary for the coordination of the economic planning efforts or economic programmes of the various Governments of the Federation. On October 5th 2020, the National Economic Council (NEC) was further mandated by President Muhammadu Buhari to grapple with the arduous task of restructuring for advancement the Nigerian economic and financial status, and to further effectiveness in foreign payment resolution in pa rtnership with the manage
During the careful verification of your payment file, it was discovered that you have satisfactorily completed all required legal and financial obligations in respect of your payment. In this vein, your funds have been ratified for immediate payment, and a high power directive has been issued to the Foreign Operations Directorate of the Central Bank of Nigeria to credit your bank account without further delay with the total sum of US$10,700,000.00.
You are hereby advised to contact and reconfirm your bank account information to the Deputy Director, Foreign Operations Directorate of the Central Bank of Nigeria for the crediting of USUS$10,700,000.00 into your bank account. While communicating with the Deputy Director, Foreign Operations Directorate of the Central Bank of Nigeria, please quote: Ref No: NEC/FGN/098121/2020 for his reference.
The contact information of the Pay Master, Payments System Directorate – CBN is:
Contact Person: MR. FRANCIS ONYENKU (Deputy Director, Foreign Operations Directorate – CBN)
Bank Address: Central Bank of Nigeria, Plot 33, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Way, Abuja, Nigeria
Office Landline: +234 9 2900062
E-mail Address:
Yours truly,
Mrs Patience Oniha
NDIC Building (1st Floor),
Plot 447/448 Constitution Avenue,
Central Business District,
P.M.B. 532, Garki Abuja, Nigeria.
Hotline: +234 7040400001

Anti-fraud resources: