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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Essam Sheta <>
Date: Tue, 16 Feb 2021 05:27:00 -0600

Dear Sir,

I write to you based on a request by an investor who wants to invest his
funds in your country, because of your country's relatively calm
business environment and stability. My name is Essam Sheta, a finance

I most at times represent the interests of very wealthy personalities.
Due to the sensitivity of the position they hold in their various
societies and the unstable business environment of their countries, move
majority of their funds into more stable economies and developed nations
where they can get good yield for their money.

A reserved Client, whom I had personally worked with few years ago with
a proposal, recently approached me. What he requested is that I seek for
a business partner in your country, who will be willing to lead us to
profitable investments. We are ready to work with you as joint partners
or release the fund to you as loan with very attractive interest and
long term repayment period depending on what you want.

I will give you more details as soon as I hear from you.NB: also send
your response to:

Sincerely yours,
Essam Sheta.

Anti-fraud resources: