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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Richard " <>
Date: Sat, 13 Feb 2021 18:41:25 -0800
Subject: Am Mr Michael Donald the CEO of citibank

1020 Lincolin Street Hollywood, Fl 33019. USA
Tel: (660) 324-2546
Contact Email Address:


Am Mr Michael Donald the CEO of citibank,

what happen to you? am asking because Mrs Elizabeth keen contacting me
via my mail address today, she told me that you are dead, and am
shocked because that is sad news, she also said that you ordered her
to claim your fund in our Bank, Citibank of America while you are

she give use her name, email address and also her bank info to
transfer your fund to her own personal account, she also said that she
is ready to pay all the needed fee that you supposed to pay before you
can receive this fund just to have your fund after all
what she said I told her that I have to confirm if she is telling the
truth, that is why I decided to inform you to know if you instruct her
to clam your fund, or if she is lying,before I will transfer your fund
to her to avoid making mistake So you have to get back to me with your
transfer info if you are alive so that we will transfer your fund to
you, but if you are died then don't get back to me

Best Regards

Mr Michael Donald
CEO of citibank
Contact Email Address:

Anti-fraud resources: