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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Fredrik Emerah <>
Date: Mon, 15 Feb 2021 19:29:19 -0800

Your registration code [E3O6M6Y].

I Just received a call from Mr. PatricK Addaco the Director Of DHL Company
Benin that ( $4.5 Million ) ATM Visa CARD compensation which sent to
you was returned back to his office due to wrong address provided,They
need the reconfirmation of the below information:

1.Your Full Name_____
2.Your Home AND Address______
3.Your Phone and Cell Number____
5.Your Age/Sex______
6.Your Country_____
7.Your Occupation_____

Best Regards,

DHL Delivery Office
Please contact

Mrs Donna Horton
(ATM) Processing Manager

Anti-fraud resources: