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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Company <>
Date: Mon, 15 Feb 2021 18:00:11 -0800
Subject: hi

This is DHL courier Delivery Company of Lome Togo, the management of
this company, wishes to inform you that, we received a parcel
containing an ATM Master Card valued $7.5 Million USD with the vital
PIN on it, for safety delivery to your residential address in your

This parcel was brought to us this morning by the ATM Card payment
office Lome Togo, please reconfirm the below information, to avoid
delivery of your ATM Master Card to wrong hand.

1) Your Full Name:
2) Address, City, State And Country:
3) Personal Cell Phone, Fax And Mobile:
4) Company Name (If Any) Position And Address
5) Occupation, Age And Marital Status:
6) Copy Of Your Int'l Passport/Drivers Licence:

Send your require informaton via Email Address (

We will register your package and send you the tracking numbers before
we proceed for safety delivery of your package as soon as you
reconfirm the required information for safety delivery.
Send your require informaton via Email Address (

DHL is one of the world's great success stories, the start-up that
revolutionized the delivery of packages and information. In the past
33years, we've grown up and grown into a diverse family of companies
as DHL that's bigger, stronger, better than ever.

Yours affectionately.
Pastor David.
Bd. du 13 Janvier, Imm. N°1578
Nyékonakpoé - BP 4202
Lomé - Togo

Anti-fraud resources: