fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: World Bank Assisted Program <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 15 Feb 2021 13:48:19 -0800
Subject: Attention Dear Email Owner
Re: World Bank Assisted Program.
Glad to inform you that a new payment policy has been adopted and you
have been short-listed for payment.
United Nations Fund Recovery Committee have discovered with dismay that your
inheritance payment has been unnecessarily delayed by the corrupt officials
who are trying to divert your fund, to forestall this, security for your fund
was organized in the form of your personal identification number (PIN) and
transfer access code (T.A.C), this will enable only you have direct control
over this fund.
We obtained payment guarantee on your payment from the presidency,
and agreed that we will handle this payment ourselves to avoid the hopeless
situation created in the past by the corrupt officials, we are happy to inform
you that based on our commendation and instructions; your entire inheritance
fund has been credited in your favor through our paying bank" (BOA)
You are advised to contact Rev (Dr) STEVEN YOUNG; Director United Nations
liaison office Nigeria; email: ( firstname.lastname@example.org ), to
collect your original payment slip with your pin and transfer access code, as
soon as you submit these code and your payment slip to your bank they will
credit your account without delay.
Note: You should furnish Rev YOUNG with your correct contact details to avoid
delay. We expect your urgent response to this email to enable us monitor this
Capt. James C. Patton, (Coordinator)
Copy right at United Nations.