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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richie Donald <>
Date: Mon, 15 Feb 2021 21:55:12 +0100
Subject: RE

Dear ,

This letter may come to you as a surprise since it is coming from someone
you have not met before (we all are strangers on earth till a day come we
become friends), due to high volume of unsolicited emails that goes around
the globe daily.

I am Mr. Richard Donald, financial consultant with a private finance and
investment firm. The firm has facilitated a lot of transactions for high
profile clients at home and abroad.

A late client of mine mandated me to seek for a foreign partner who can
help on transferring of fund out and also advice on possible investment
before he died on Monday, December 23, 2002 in the Ukrainian An-140
Aircraft Crash.

I humbly ask for your assistance in securing this fund (USD43, 645,310:00
Million) into your company's account or private account to avoid been

At your interest please send your details to ( for
further directive

Best regards
Mr. Richard Donald

Anti-fraud resources: