fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
Reply-To: "Thomas K.Montage" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
COMPLIMENT OF THE SEASON,
Your ATM Card Worth $6.8 million USD has Been approved and was deposited
To BANK OF AMERICA, Charlotte, North Carolina.The United States, RE/NO: 002-BOA/0047/2020
this morning for registration, and we agreed
up that the delivery of Your $6.8 Million USD ATM Package will take
off tomorrow morning, So contact with your full info where your ATM
the card will be delivered to,
(1) Full name
(2) Mobile Number
(3) Direct telephone number
(4) Country of origin
(5) Your Current delivery address:
(7) Driver license Or State ID
Urgent get back to us today with your full address where your ATM card
will be delivered to because I will not be in the office next week:
The amount in your Card is $6.8 Million, your ATM four Digits Will Be
Delivered To You Together With Your ATM Card Once You Comply With The
Get back to me as soon as you receive this e-mail for more information, and if you found this email in your spam folder,
please move to the inbox before replying and know that it must be caused by a bad signal or some other electronic issues.
The chief operating officer of
Bank of America