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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "CROSBY" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 13 Feb 2021 06:08:13 -0800

Dear Sir

This message is from the desk of the Chief Accounting Officer, Fund
Controller Halifax Bank.

I am aware that this is an unconventional way of relaying an
important message such as this. I work with Halifax Bank UK at their
offshore department, I will be happy to work this deal out with you if
you have a corporate or personal Bank Account and if you are capable of
keeping TOP SECRET.

During our last periodic auditing I discovered some dormant accounts
with holding balances of Three Hundred and Twenty million US Dollars.
($320million)Sometimes a person will open a bank account, deposit money,
and then disappear into the tin air. Banks are not always able to find
out what has become of these silent customers, or to know whether they should
follow up on requests from people who claim to be heirs to the

The main problem is that the customer resides abroad and due to bank
secrecy, the bank cannot publish notices in the international press to
locate the depositories. This has led the majority of Swiss banks to
refrain from opening small-deposit accounts for foreign customers; for
fear that they will forget that the account exists.

It has happened in the past, however, that customers pass away and
their heirs can neither prove the death, nor their heir ship. This was
a frequent occurrence during the wartime periods, and the banks have
now set up a simple, rapid resolution procedure operating to their
customer advantage.

Dormant assets are defined as any assets deposited with a bank (an
account, a custody account or a safety-deposit box) for which there has
been no contact with the customer in the bank’s files for the last
ten years or more.

If you believe you have claim to a Swiss bank account for which theholder
(e.g. an ancestor) has not been in contact with the bank for over ten years,
there is a fairly simple procedure to follow, depending on the date the
account was opened.

This account has not been operated for the past years, As at this
moment I am constrained to issue more details about this business until
your response is received.

If you know that you are capable to handle large a mount on trust and can keep secret
and ready to take 40% of any amount I transfer to your account from the dormant accounts
and I will take 60%, send your account information’s by return mail. Tell me more about
yourself, while I look forward to receive the above information. Please you can write
me to my most private email address ( note that there will
be a clearance fee of little token to enable process this fund into your bank account.
And l also want to re-assure you that this business is risk free and you can send an
empty account to receive the funds, provided that the account is capable to receive
incoming funds.

If you are interested Please kindly reconfirm the below information to me

1. Name:
2. Address:
3. Age:
4. Sex:
5. Nationality:
6. Country of Residence:
7. Telephone Number:
8. Occupation
9: Banking information.

Let me hear from you.

Thank you for your time and attention.

Yours Sincerely
Mr.James Crosby
Chief Accounting Officer, Fund Controller

Anti-fraud resources: